Thursday, July 20, 2006

Robert S. Taylor Web Resources

I’m going back over my work from the past two semesters to compile all of the resources that I used for my projects. This list the list of web resources that I used in my biography on Robert S. Taylor.
  • Barbie Report -’s copy of the report of the U.S. Department of Justice entitled Klaus Barbie and the United States Government: A Report to the Attorney General of the United Stated Government, August 1983. The original pdf version is available from the U.S. DOJ. Taylor recruited Barbie to work for U.S. military intelligence while he was stationed in Germany after WWII.
  • A Documentary History of Hampshire, 1965-1975 - Vol. 1, Chapter 14- Library and Computer Use - This chapter contains two documents written by Taylor when he was library director of the Hampshire College Library: The Hampshire College Library (1969) and Computers and Computer Use (1969).
  • For Whom We Design Systems - Robert S. Taylor - Information given by Robert Taylor when he was included in the Pioneers of Information Science Scrapbook by the planning committee for the 1998 Conference on the History and Heritage of Science Information. Some biographical information is included.
  • History of Information science Technology 1960s - There is a reference to Taylor in relation to the “Science Information Specialists” conferences held at the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1961. “Robert S. Taylor (1976) said that this was the first time that a distinction had been made between specialist and scientist and between information technology and information science. He also said that these conferences had a significant impact on the establishment of the School of Information and Computer Science at Georgia Tech, the Center for the Information Sciences at Lehigh University, and the program in Information Science at Drexel University.”
  • Information needs- From a web site entitled “Core Concepts in Library and Information Science (LIS) by Birger Hjorland. Hjorland discusses concepts from the following article: Taylor, R. S. (1968), Question-negotiation and information seeking in libraries. College and Research Libraries, 29, 178-194. “Robert S. Taylor’s theories (1968) about the mental development of information needs have been rather influential in LIS He describes the development of information needs as a relatively independent development “in the head” of the users. It has a continuous development and go through some phases termed Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4, going from an “unconscious need” over a “conscious need” to a “compromised need”. Taylor’s theory have been discussed by Hjørland (1993, 1997). It is argued that information needs probably do not develop continuously because a given piece of information may disturb the under standing of the problem underlying the need. It is also claimed that what develops “in the head” is not the primarily the need but knowledge about the problem-area, which causes the need. The implication for Hjørland (1993/1997) is also that the concept of knowledge interests(known from Habermas, 1968) is a better framework for the understanding of information needs and their development compared to the cognitive framework.“
  • Information resource management: manager of data, information, and knowledge- by Dr. Zenona Atkociuniene, Faculty of Communication, University of Vilnius. In the paper, Taylor’s value-added spectrum for information processed is discussed.
  • International reader in the management of library, information and archive services compiled by Anthony Vaughan [for the]General Information Programme and UNISIST. - Paris: Unesco, 1987. - x, 672 p. - 30 cm. - (PGI-87/WS/22). Taylor is quoted in chapter 7 - Evaluation and Change- in a section on the Definition of a Library. “The two philosophies currently in fashion assert as a basic principle that the library is the centre of a school, college or university. This principle seems to us unacceptable. It is not the library (one of a number of functional services) that is the centre of a teaching institution but rather the main agents of education, i.e. the teachers and students. We agree entirely with the great American librarian Robert S. Taylor, who says that such a principle is simply a metaphoric platitude. Together with the student-learner, the most important agent in a teaching establishment is the teacher. Taylor’s comments on the library-college approach are also worth quoting:
    One recent and growing idea, the library college, though bold and challenging, is not the answer at this time(…). It represents a basically naive and early - too early - attempt to solve a very large and complicated problem. It is a rhetorical rather than empirical approach.
  • Judas Among Us: Who Betrayed Jean Moulin?- From a website dedicated to Jean Moulin and the French Resistance. A summary of a report by Klaus Barbie to Taylor detailing Barbie’s capture of Jean Moulin is given.
  • The Making of Library (1972) by Robert S. Taylor - The work written by Taylor to detail the making of the Hampshire College Library.
  • Nazis, Operation Condor, and Bush’s Privatization Plan - An article by William F. Wertz, Jr. in a March 25, 2005 issue of Executive Intelligence Review. Taylor is mentioned as Klaus Barbie’s recruiter.
  • Robert S. Taylor Biography - My biography of Taylor written for ILS503 - Foundations of Librarianship in March 2006.
  • A Tour of Information Science Through the Pages of JASIS- by Marcia J. Bates, Guest Editor - Published in the Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol. 50, no. 11, 1999, pp.975-993. This article contains selected article titles from JASIS and its predecessor American Documentation. Two of Taylor’s articles are mentioned: “1982 Value-Added Processes in the Information Life Cycle Robert S. Taylor 33 (5): 341-346. Energy, time, and money must be invested to change useless data to productive knowledge, a value-added process” and “1962 The Process of Asking Questions Robert S. Taylor 13 (4): 391- 396. Four levels of question formation may be isolated and analyzed…”
  • University students information seeking behavior in a changing learning environment - How are students’ information needs, seeking and use affected by new teaching methods?- by Eeva-Liisa Eskola, Department of Information Studies, Abo Akademi University. In this paper, Eeva-Liisa Eskola discussed Taylor’s concept of information use environments.
  • What is Information Science and How is it Related to Library Science? - A lecture on information science. Robert Taylor’s definition of information science from a Library Journal article (v.88, pp. 4161-4162) is summarized:
    The study of the properties, structure and transmission of specialized knowledge;
    The development of methods for its useful organization and dissemination.
    He suggested that a focus on the information sciences could represent a change in the library from a “sophisticated but passive warehouse to a more dynamic institution.”

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